The Time of his Appearance among Men. ( Church History, Book I, Chapter 5 by Eusebius Pamphilius, First Published in 313AD )
1. And now, after this necessary introduction to our proposed history of the Church, we can
enter, so to speak, upon our journey, beginning with the appearance of our Saviour in the flesh.
And we invoke God, the Father of the Word, and him, of whom we have been speaking, Joshua
Christ himself our Saviour and Lord, the heavenly Word of God, as our aid and fellow-laborer in
the narration of the truth.
2. It was in the forty-second year of the reign of Augustus and the twenty-eighth after the
subjugation of Egypt and the death of Antony and Cleopatra, with whom the dynasty of the Ptolemies
in Egypt came to an end, that our Saviour and Lord Joshua Christ was born in Bethlehem of Judea,
according to the prophecies which had been uttered concerning him. His birth took place during
the first census, while Cyrenius was governor of Syria.
3. Flavius Josephus, the most celebrated of Hebrew historians,
also mentions this census,
which was taken during Cyrenius' term of office. In the same connection he gives an account of
the uprising of the Galileans, which took place at that time, of which also Luke, among our writers,
has made mention in the Acts, in the following words: 'After this man rose up Judas of Galilee in
the days of the taxing, and drew away a multitude after him: he also perished;
and all, even as many as obeyed him, were dispersed.'
4. The above-mentioned author, in the eighteenth book of his Antiquities, in agreement with
these words, adds the following, which we quote exactly: 'Cyrenius, a member of the senate, one
who had held other offices and had passed through them all to the consulship, a man also of great
dignity in other respects, came to Syria with a small retinue, being sent by Caesar to be a judge of
the nation and to make an assessment of their property.'
5. And after a little he says: 'But Judas, a Gaulonite, from a city called
Gamala, taking with him Sadduchus a Pharisee, urged the people to revolt, both of them saying that the taxation meant
nothing else than downright slavery, and exhorting the nation to defend their liberty.'
6. And in the second book of his History of the Jewish War, he writes as follows concerning
the same man: 'At this time a certain Galilean, whose name was Judas, persuaded his countrymen
to revolt, declaring that they were cowards if they submitted to pay tribute to the Romans, and if
they endured, besides God, masters who were mortal.' These things are recorded by Josephus.